Miscellaneous : books, papers and studies
Enhancing the Nutritional Quality of Relief Diets Workshop Proceedings Margie Ferris-Morris 03.01.2000
NutSoc Info Sheets Ann Burgess 20.01.2000
No subject Pushpa Acharya 02.01.2000
Malnutrition research Aliou Ayaba 22.02.2000
Re: Malnutrition research Rubina Hakeem 23.02.2000
contracting preventive services for malnutrition in Senegal + Madagascar Michael Golden 29.02.2000
Marek paper and growth monitoring WWW, Michael Golden 01.03.2000
purchase of books and materials using UNESCO vouchers Jean Gladwin 02.03.2000
Re: purchase of books and materials using UNESCO vouchers Archana Shah 02.03.2000
foreign exchange for educational/scientific material Michael Golden 02.03.2000
Management of Severe Malnutrition Mercedes de Onis 20.03.2000
Manual on Management of Nutrition in Major Emergencies Zita Weise Prinzo 31.03.2000
Food for Kofi's thoughts Claudio Schuftan 02.04.2000
Children's Health in Emergencies: Free to developing countries Michael Golden 08.04.2000
Book Review: "Development as Freedom" by Amartya Sen Firoze Manji 01.05.2000
Manuel OMS en Français / WHO manual in Spanish. André Briend 07.08.2000
Free copies of Child Health Dialogue Ann Burgess 21.09.2000
Readings on Food Security and Household Economy Dominique Bounie 01.11.2000
Nutritional reporting in Emergencies : Horn of Africa Dominique Bounie 01.11.2000


Date: Mon, 03 Jan 2000 18:02:44 -0500

From: Margie Ferris-Morris <fmaatdc.net>

Subject: Enhancing the Nutritional Quality of Relief Diets Workshop Proceedings - posted on-line

 

Dear Colleagues,

We are delighted to inform you that the Enhancing the Nutritional Quality of Relief Diets Workshop Proceedings from the workshop held in Washington, DC, April 28-30, 1999 are now available on-line. We trust you will find the proceedings a worthwhile and educational document. Relief populations make up a substantial part of the total number of malnourished persons, and it is well documented that malnutrition and morbidity can be controlled and improved. The Executive Summary captures the principal points highlighted throughout the three-day workshop, while the proceedings' main text contains more detail for reference purposes.

Please view the proceedings at the following web address: www.foodaid.org/enhance.htm

The proceedings will also be available to download in the near future at: www.aed.org

A number of recommendations from the workshop are actionable right away, without further research or meetings. Other conclusions from the workshop require further discussion, consideration, and research. It is our sincere hope that the Enhancing the Nutritional Quality of Relief Diets Workshop and its Proceedings contribute to the overall goal of improving the food security and diets of relief populations.

On behalf of the workshop sponsors,

 

Paige Harrigan Margie Ferris-Morris

Food Aid Managment FMA, Inc.


From: "Ann Burgess" <annburgessatsol.co.uk>

Subject: NutSoc Info Sheets

Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 21:10:17 -0000

 

The Nutrition Society has recently updated all its Information Sheets and these are now at http://www.nutsoc.org.uk/careers.htm The Sheets are particularly for nutritionists in 'developing countries' and give lists of the following:

a In Europe
b In Africa and Asia
c In Americas, Australasia and Caribbean

Thanks for help from NGONUTTERS in compiling these Sheets. Please send corrections and updates to annburgessatsol.co.uk

Ann Burgess

 

Nutrition Consultant
Craiglea Cottage, Glenisla,Blairgowrie PH11 8PS, Scotland, UK


From: acharyapatun.org

Date: Sun, 02 Jan 2000 10:46:25 -0500

Subject: No subject given

 

HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL NGONUTERS

I am looking for references on the impact of displacement on nutrition. Appreciate any help.

Pushpa


Date: Tue, 22 Feb 2000 12:13:30 -0800 (PST)

From: aliou ayaba <ayabaatu.washington.edu>

Subject: Malnutrition research

 

Dear ngonuters,

Is anyone aware of any study on relationship between malnutrition and culture, household conditions? I've heard there might be studies done in Asia on the issue ,but I could not get them through medline.Thanks.

 

Aliou AYABA MD, MPH candidate.

......................................................................

Silence, hunger, vigil,retreat and constant dhikr: The incomplete of the world by these five are made complete ...J.Nurbakhsh .....................................................................


Date: Wed, 23 Feb 2000 10:32:51 +0000

From: hakeem <hakeematcyberaccess.com.pk>

Subject: Re: Malnutrition research

 

Dear aliou ayaba

 

According to my knowledge, most of the work done regarding community-wise differences in malnutrition in Asia, compares rural-urban differences or socioeconmic differences within urban or rural areas. If that is what you need I can send a reference list as I am working on this issue in Karachi.

You can also find several discussion papers dealing with this issue on IFPRI and (http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/) and INCLEN websites (International clinical edidemiology network, http://www.inclen.org/.) I hope this information is of any help to you.

 

Dr Rubina Hakeem

Karachi Pakistan


Date: Tue, 29 Feb 2000 22:27:49 +0000

From: Michael Golden <refugeesatabdn.ac.uk>

Subject: contracting preventive services for malnutrition in Senegal + Madagascar

 

Dear NGONUTS,

review of paper:

Marek T,Diallo I, Ndiaya B, Rakotosalama J. "Successful contracting of prevention services: fighting malnutrition in Senegal and Madagascar"
Health Policy and Planning - 14(4) 382-389 1999.

 

 

This paper describes two large scale projects where preventive nutrition services have been put out to contract. They follow on from India's Tamil NAdu and Tanzainia's Iringa nutrition projects in type of intervention, but the services are contracted out. In Senegal a local NGO Agetip manages the contracts and in Madegasgar Secaline manages the contracts. Services are delivered by community nutrition workers in Senegal and groups of 4 young, previously unemployed people in Madegasgar, supervised by contracting NGOs.

Children stayed in the project for 4-6 months.

The services that were offered were monthly growth monitoring; weekly nutrition and health education to women; referral of unvaccinated children, pregnant women, severely malnourished children and sick beneficiaries to health services; home visit so follow all beneficiaries who had been referred and who do not come to services; Supplemental food to all malnourished children; improved access to water (Sengal); and, referral to a social fund for income generating activities(Madagasgar).

The severe malnutrition (w/a <-3Z) in 6-11 month old children went from 6% to 0%. and moderate malnutrition from 28 to 24%. There was less malnutrition in those that had been in the program than those that had not.

The graph of the decline in the 5 different villages in Madagasgar is very impressive as the project started at different times in each village it is clear that there was not a secular trend in the country - and the falls are much more impressive than the overall figures suggest. In Senegal there is was also a steady decline in each cohort as they were in the programs. It appears that the programs were working for individuals and at the population/community level. In each country there have been about 250 thousand beneficiaries. The yearly per capita cost of the project was US$0.24 in Madegasgar and US$0.77 in Senegal (total percapita health expenditure was US$3.60 and US$18.16 respectively). The cost per beneficiary was US$21.00.

In both areas one of the major problems was the referral of the severely malnourished children, for services to deal with these referrals were not adequate.

This is an important paper. As weight for age was being measured the effect will be predominantly on the prevention of stunting. I presume that data will be collected to see the effect on mortality rate in the project areas.

There cannot be national development when the people do not develop physically and mentally. Such success stories, in areas where there has not been socioeconomic improvement show that the simplistic view that we have had about malnutrition - it is all due to poverty (and infection) there is nothing anyone can do without poverty alleviation is not correct.

Contracting is about getting people to actually pay attention and doing the job, or they loose their contracts!

I will send the full paper (in Adobe Acrobat readable format) to anyone requesting it. The size is 102Kb so it will take some time to download!

 

--------------

Prof. Michael H.N.Golden
Dept of Medicine and Therapeutics, Univ of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, AB9 2ZD. Scotland, (UK)
Tel : +44 (1224) 681 818 ext 52793/53014, Tel(direct): +44 (1224) 663 123 527 93, Fax : +44 (1224) 699 884
INTERNET - PERSONAL............. =
m.goldenatabdn.ac.uk
INTERNET - LISTMASTER .......... =
refugeesatabdn.ac.uk
NGONUT - LIST-REQUEST......... =
owner-ngonutatabdn.ac.uk
NGONUT - LIST-CONTRIBUTION.... =
ngonutatabdn.ac.uk


Date: Wed, 01 Mar 2000 12:48:34 +0000

From: Michael Golden <m.goldenatabdn.ac.uk>

Subject: Marek paper and growth monitoring WWW,

 

Dear Ngonutters,

There has already been tremendous interest in the World-Bank study and a great many have requested the paper. I hope that in the future we can have a discussion about this paper. The paper (Marek et al) has been posted to the ngonut archive www site at <http://www.univ-lille1.fr/pfeda> and can be downloaded from there. For those without www access I will of couse email it to anyone who wished.

In future papers, such as this, that are important and demand discssion and comment will be posted a the pfeda site.

In terms of growth monitoring you can also access the systematic review in ARCH DIS CHILD 2000; 82: 197-201 which summarises the Cochrane Review. The background section explores issues around defining what growth monitoring is, and the actions that are part of it. This is available at : <http://adc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/archdischild;82/3/197>

Mike Golden

 

Prof. Michael H.N.Golden
Dept of Medicine and Therapeutics, Univ of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, AB9 2ZD. Scotland, (UK)
Tel : +44 (1224) 681 818 ext 52793/53014, Tel(direct): +44 (1224) 663 123 527 93, Fax : +44 (1224) 699 884


From: "Dr J.Gladwin" <J.Gladwinatsheffield.ac.uk>

Date: Thu, 2 Mar 2000 12:51:17 -0000

Subject: purchase of books and materials using UNESCO vouchers

 

Dear fellow ngonut members,

recently the difficulty of people from low- and middle-income countries purchasing the new Welcome/CABI CD Rom on Nutrition (see here / voir ici), due to funding or lack of foreign exchange was raised in this discussion group.

This is not a new problem and UNESCO coupons are used to overcome a shortage of foreign currency hindering the import of books, publications and scientific materials. UNESCO coupons (whose value is expressed in dollars) can be purchased with national currency locally, I believe, and then the voucher sent as payment to the selling organisation. The latter can then redeem these from UNESCO.

For more details see

http://www.unesco.org/general/eng/about/coupon/coupons.html or search the unesco website using the term 'coupon'.

The contact details for the UNESCO coupons Office is tel: (331) 4568 1000 Fax: (331) 4567 1690

I will also send this e-mail to CABI and suggest they avail themselves of this payment method.

Perhaps if anyone successfully pays by this method they will let the rest of us know?

 

Regards

Jean

*********************************************************

Dr Jean Gladwin, PGCE, MSc, RPHNutr, PhD Centre for Health Information Management Research Department of Information Studies
University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
Telephone: 0114-222-2634 (work), 0114-255-5763 (home), Fax: 0114-278-0300
e-mail:
j.gladwinatsheffield.ac.uk, http://dis.shef.ac.uk/jgladwin


From: shahaatwho.ch

Date: Thu, 02 Mar 2000 16:55:05 +0100

Subject: Re: purchase of books and materials using UNESCO vouchers

 

Dear Colleagues and Dr. Gladwin,

In reply to your mail I would like to inform you of the CD-ROM currently available on Food and Nutrition produced by the Humanity Libraries Project in collaboration with United Nations University. You may wanna consider contacting them for further information at: unucdromathq.unu.edu, or humanityatglobalprojects.org. All I know about is it contains 260 publications in the field of food and nutrition, and available at miminum cost for developing countries.

However, WHO department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action is currently in the process of producing a CD-ROM in the area of Public Health Guidelines for Emergency Management, which will be available for free. The following subjects are included: drugs and supplies, health care, nutrition, environmental health, public health, community health, human rights and health economics. A small number of kits, catalogues and reference books have been added. The materials included were widely reviewed and are considered to represent a selection of good practice guidelines for the management of emergency situations.

I will inform you on its distribution.

Best regards,

Archana

 

Archana Shah B.Sc. PgD. MPH.
World Health Organization, Department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action (EHA)
Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 791 2740, E-mail:
shahaatwho.ch


Date: Thu, 02 Mar 2000 17:46:32 +0000

From: Michael Golden <m.goldenatabdn.ac.uk>

Subject: foreign exchange for educational/scientific material

 

I've had confirmation from CABI that UNESCO coupons are perfectly acceptable.

at the dollar equivalents:

Special reduced developing country rate £20 = $35
Developing country rate £45 = $80
Individual rate £30 = $55

Mike Golden

 

Prof. Michael H.N.Golden
Dept of Medicine and Therapeutics, Univ of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, AB9 2ZD. Scotland, (UK)
Tel : +44 (1224) 681 818 ext 52793/53014, Tel(direct): +44 (1224) 663 123 527 93, Fax : +44 (1224) 699 884


From: deonismatwho.ch

Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2000 08:50:12 +0100

Subject: Management of Severe Malnutrition

 

Dear colleagues,

For those of you that have been enquiring about the spanish version of the WHO Manual on the Management of Severe Malnutrition, I am pleased to inform you that is now available from WHO's Distribution and Publications Office.

Best wishes,

Mercedes de Onis

WHO, Nutrition


Date: Fri, 31 Mar 2000 10:19:20 +0100 (BST)

From: weiseprinzozatwho.ch

Subject: Manual on Management of Nutrition in Major Emergencies

 

The Department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action and the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, WHO, are pleased to announce that the long-awaited revised edition of The Management of Nutritional Emergencies in Large Populations now called The Management of Nutrition in Major Emergencies has finally been published !

Mainly addressed to health and nutrition professionals, but useful for anybody involved in the management of food relief and humanitarian assistance, the manual sets out the technical tools and practical advice needed to ensure adequate nutrition in emergency-affected populations. Guidelines are provided for conducting initial nutritional assessments, identifying specific forms of malnutrition, planning for distribution of adequate food rations, preventing and treating malnutrition.

The publication (Sw.fr. 72.- /US$ 64.80; in developing countries Sw.fr. 52.40) will be available in April from Marketing and Dissemination, WHO. Email for orders: publicationsatwho.ch

 

Zita Weise Prinzo

Department of Nutrition in Health and Development (NHD) World Health Organization, HQ
1211 Geneva 27
Tel: (41) 22 791 44 40, Fax: (41) 22 791 41 56


From: avivaatnetnam.vn (Claudio Schuftan)

Subject: Food for Kofi's thoughts

Date: Sun, 2 Apr 2000 15:09:05 +0700

 

HUMAN RIGHTS BASED PLANNING: THE NEW APPROACH

The Secretary General of the United Nations has mandated that, starting this year, all agencies of the UN have to switch to designing and executing HUMAN RIGHTS BASED PLANS OF ACTION. Beyond this new mandate, little explanations were given of what exactly this entails.

UNICEF has taken a lead in defining in a bit more detail what Human Rights Based Planning means and entails. Here is the explanation of what this new concept is all about:

All action in development projects/programs has to be based on a solid situation analysis. The latter has to be based on an Assessment and an Analysis of the existing situation leading to decisions being made for Action: a triple A (AAA) process. The assessment and analysis cannot be done without having a Conceptual Framework of the causes of the problems that we are trying to solve. This means that we have to have a conceptual understanding of how the

problem comes about -- what its determinants are-- before we can decide what the best options are to do something about it. In other words, "You find what you look for"(.based on a conceptual framework).

In our case as health/nutrition practitioners, - the OUTCOME in the conceptual framework is malnutrition and excess ill-health.

- the IMMEDIATE CAUSES are inadequate food intake and high prevalence of preventable diseases.

- the UNDERLYING CAUSES are household food and fuel insecurity, inadequate maternal and child care, low water and sanitation levels and inadequate access to (or utilization of) health care services, particularly by the poor.

- the BASIC CAUSES are limited access to education (particularly for girls) and insufficient community control (power) over the resources they need to solve their problem(s) at each causal level (i.e. human, financial/material and organizational resources).

The essence of a good situation analysis is to carry out a CAUSAL ANALYSIS based on a pre-existing conceptual framework and basing all decisions for action being made on this analysis; appropriate interventions for the main causes at each causal level have to be found. Addressing each cause is necessary but not sufficient to change the outcome (ill-health and malnutrition). Communities need to act at all levels of determinants at the same time. This is why so many "selective interventions" have failed in the past.

So much for what we were expected to be doing up to now to solve our deep-rooted health and nutrition problems. Now comes the human rights based approach to planning. The essence of this approach is to additionally carry out what is called a CAPACITY ANALYSIS.

What is a capacity analysis? To analyze any human rights situation it is essential to identify two main groups of actors: Claim Holders and Duty Bearers. Claim holders are the groups whose universally recognized entitlements are or are not being provided for and whose rights are thus being upheld or violated. Duty bearers are those individuals or institutions that are supposed to uphold each specific right related to each entitlement. For example, in the case of a child (the claim holder), the first-line duty bearer is the mother; next are the father and other family members. But there also are duty bearers for children's rights further up the ladder: community leaders, district and provincial authorities, national and international institutions.

The end result of a good causal/situation analysis is a list of locally specific immediate, underlying and basic causes that determine the problems at hand. The participatory AAA process that identifies those respective causes then also comes up with the possible solutions for each cause identified. This is the point where capacity analysis kicks in.

Capacity analysis identifies what needs to be done for each determinant identified starting by looking at what is already being done or not being done. It then looks at Who should be doing it [individual and/or institution(s) who is (are) the corresponding duty bearer(s)] and attaches the name of that (those) person(s) or institution(s) that have to betargeted to get the proposed solution(s) for each cause identified implemented.

The end result of a good capacity analysis is a four or five columns table: - the first column has the causes listed from immediate to basic; - the second column lists the respective right(s) being violated for which group of claim holders for each cause;

- the third column has the gap between what is being done and what still needs to be done (i.e. the actions needed); - the fourth column identifies the respective duty bearer(s) by name (individuals and/or institutions responsible, often at more than one level); - a fifth column may be added to specify who is going to approach that duty bearer and by when.

This table thus becomes an action plan to foster the respect of the various human rights deemed to be violated for each specific group of claim holders. What this new human rights approach to planning does is to couple causal and capacity analysis. At first glance, this may not mean much to readers being introduced to this new concept. But it is a powerful combination. It not only identifies what needs to be done, but it targets the person or institution that has to be lobbied/pressured, BECAUSE THEY ARE LEGALLY RESPONSIBLE to do something about it under the covenants of international human rights officially signed and ratified by almost all countries in the world.

The human rights approach gives us advocates new powers. When appropriate, we now approach duty bearers as guilty of not performing what they are legally (and not only ethically) supposed to do. The human rights covenants currently in force are very explicit about this. We just have not sufficiently used this added power in our work so far. Duty bearers have to be approached using the human rights violation justification, and have to be made accountable to comply!

"Lack of resources" is not a good enough justification by duty bearers not to uphold the rights being violated. They have to convincingly demonstrate to us that resources available (even if meager) are not being used for other less essential functions. If we all follow this new approach, we may set a growing precedent that will further the cause of those claim holders whose basic human rights are being violated worldwide.

Claudio Schuftan, Hanoi

avivaatnetnam.vn


Date: Sat, 08 Apr 2000 10:23:07 +0100

From: Michael Golden <refugeesatabdn.ac.uk>

Subject: Children's Health in Emergencies: Free to developing countries

 

Friends,

I have heard about, but not seen, this new publication.

Perhaps some independent ngonutter can critique it for us?

 

>Children's Health in Emergencies: practical guidelines for health workers

Produced as a special supplement to Healthlink Worldwide's popular international newsletter Child Health Dialogue, this publication will provide a unique audience of mainly indigenous health and development workers with up-to-date, practical information on appropriate policies and procedures to follow in the event of an emergency occurring in their area.

Written in clear, easy to understand language, it explains what health workers can do in the early stages of an emergency, how management and prevention of childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea and malaria differs in emergency situations, and how they can work with communities and other organisations.

Single copies are free to indigenous organisations in developing countries.

For others the cost is £2.50/US$5 and includes postage. Bulk copies are also available free to organisations that are able to distribute the publication through their own channels.

For further information contact

Coral Jepson
Healthlink Worldwide
Cityside, 41 Adler Street, London 1E 1EE.
Telephone: 0207 539 1570; Fax:0207 539 1570
or visit our web site;
http://www.healthlink.org.uk

 

Coral Jepson, Child Health Dialogue Editor
jepson.cathealthlink.org.uk
Healthlink Worldwide has moved. From 12 December, our new address, telephone and fax details are:
Cityside, 40 Adler Street, London E1 1EE, UK
Tel: +44 20 7539 1570 (reception) +44 7539 1582 (direct line), Fax: +44 20 7539 1580
E-mail:
infoathealthlink.org.uk Website: http://www.healthlink.org.uk

We are the world's leading provider of practical, up-to-date information for health workers in developing countries

 

Prof. Michael H.N.Golden
Dept of Medicine and Therapeutics, Univ of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, AB9 2ZD. Scotland, (UK)
Tel : +44 (1224) 681 818 ext 52793/53014, Tel(direct): +44 (1224) 663 123 527 93, Fax : +44 (1224) 699 884
INTERNET - PERSONAL............. =
m.goldenatabdn.ac.uk
INTERNET - LISTMASTER .......... =
refugeesatabdn.ac.uk
NGONUT - LIST-REQUEST......... =
owner-ngonutatabdn.ac.uk
NGONUT - LIST-CONTRIBUTION.... =
ngonutatabdn.ac.uk


From: avivaatnetnam.vn (Claudio Schuftan)

Subject: Book Review: "Development as Freedom" by Amartya Sen

Date: Mon, 1 May 2000 15:52:19 +0700

 

Development as Freedom
Amartya Sen. Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN: 0 19 829758 0, 366pp

(see also 1, 2)

"Development as freedom" - savour those words! This seminal work from Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize Winner in Economics, constitutes a comprehensive challenge to the dogmas of the New Right that have dominated economics and economic theory during the last 20 years.

According to what has become the 'conventional wisdom' of economics, the most important function of economic policy is to safeguard the 'right' of a minority to accumulate profits at the highest rate possible (euphemistically referred to as 'growth'). Development, we are told, is possible only if there is such growth. Only when this freedom is unrestricted will others in society benefit from any associated spin-offs (the trickle-down effect).

All other freedoms are only achievable if such growth occurs. The purpose of 'development' is, therefore, to guarantee 'growth' so that ultimately other freedoms can, at some indeterminate time in the future, be enjoyed.

State expenditure, according to this dogma, should be directed towards creating an enabling environment for 'growth', and not be 'wasted' on the provision of public services that, in any case, can ultimately be provided 'more efficiently' by private enterprise.

These are the mantras that you will find woven through almost every report on economic development over the last 20 years - whether from the World Bank, IMF, WTO, or from bilateral development agencies in the North. This is the madness that, as Amartya Sen points out, makes socially useful members of society -such as school-teachers and health workers- feel more threatened by conservative economic policies than do army generals.

In this important book, Sen brings sense (and sanity) to bear on economics and development theory. The well being of humans is placed at centre stage. It is seen as both the goal and the means for development, not simply a side effect. "Freedoms," he argues, "are not only the primary ends of development, they are also among its principal means." Development should be seen as a process of expanding freedoms. "If freedom is what development advances, then there is a major argument for concentrating on that overarching objective, rather than on some particular means, or some chosen list of instruments". To achieve development, he argues, requires the removal of poverty, tyranny, lack of economic opportunities, social deprivation, neglect of public services, and the machinery of repression.

His challenge to conventional economics is presented with gentleness and reason. There is both breadth in the scope of subjects considered and depth in the treatment of empirical data that he amasses as evidence for his conclusions. He shows, for example, how high per capita income does not necessarily correlate with greater life expectancy - poor Afro-Americans have a lower life expectancy than the poor in the Indian state of Kerela where public services have long been accessible to the poor.

And further, the "solution of the problem of population growth (like the solution of so many other social and economic problems) can lie in expanding the freedom of the people whose interest are most directly affected by frequent child-bearing and child-rearing. The solution of the population problem calls for more freedom, not less." Famines, he argues, are not a product of absolute shortages of food; rather, "Inequality has an important role in the development of famines and other severe crises . [The latter] thrive on the basis of severe and sometimes suddenly increased inequality."

Nothing, he believes, is "as important today in the political economy of development as an adequate recognition of political, economic and social participation and leadership of women. This is indeed a crucial aspect of 'development as freedom'." His concern is about human potential, and how it can be liberated both as a means for improved economic performance and as the very purpose of economic and social activities.

Sen presents a treatise that integrates ethics, values and economic theory.

"The formation of values and the emergence and evolution of social ethics are also part of the process of development." He argues that a variety of social institutions including those involved in the operation of markets, administrations, legislatures, political parties, NGOs, the judiciary, the media and the 'community', all contribute to the process of development, and therefore an integrated analysis is needed of their respective roles

This book is vital reading for all those concerned with human development, freedom and respect for human dignity. It has the potential for influencing social and economic policy in the North and in the South- a potential that will be realised so long as we have the freedom to challenge prevailing dogmas, and so long as those in power have the inclination to listen. Not everyone will necessarily agree with all that Sen has to offer (I, for one, have less faith in the virtues of the market or the theories of Adam Smith, than he). Complete agreement is not, however, necessary.

The strength of this book lies in the reflections it provokes and the debates it will stimulate about issues that should concern us all. That debate is vital since: "It is the customary fate of new truths to begin as heresies and to end as superstitions." It is important that Sen's contribution does not share the same fate.

Although some may find one or two sections hard reading, the book belongs -for multiple readings and reflections - on the shelves of all development workers, academics, policy makers, activists and - dare I say it - economists alike.

Firoze Manji

firozeatfahamu.org.uk


Date: Mon, 07 Aug 2000 10:43:32 +0200

From: "Andre' Briend" <briendaatcnam.fr>

Subject: Manuel OMS en Français / WHO manual in Spanish.

 

Pour les NGOnuts francophone, on me signale que le manuel de l'OMS sur le traitement de la malnutrition sévère est maintenant disponible en Francais... et en Espagnol. Voir ci dessous.

 

>This is to inform you that the French version of the Management of severe

>malnutrition: a manual for physicians and other senior health workers is now

>available online in three languages in the Publications and Documents and NHD

>Activities and Output sections of the NHD site at http://www.who.int/nut.

>They >may also be accessed directly at:

> http://www.who.int/nut/manage_severe_malnutrition_fra.pdf (French version)

 

Amicalement,

André

André Briend, MD, PhD
CNAM - ISTNA, 5 rue du Vertbois, 75003 Paris, France
tel : 33-1-53 01 80 36 fax : 33-1-53 01 80 05


From "Ann Burgess" <annburgessatsol.co.uk>

Subject: Free copies of Child Health Dialogue

Date Thu, 21 Sep 2000 195817 +0100

 

Dear NGONUT

Healthlink has spare copies of the latest issue of their newsletter "Child Health Dialogue". This is on "Improving child nutrition" and includes articles on breaking the cycle of malnutrition, nutrition and immunity, managing severe malnutrition in health centres, foetal origins of obesity, supporting breastfeeding in The Gambia and tackling anaemia.

The newsletter is targeted at middle level health workers in developing countries, particularly Africa

If you, or any of your colleagues would like one or more free copies please contact Toyin Ikotun at Healthlink (not me!!). Email kotun.tathealthlink.org.uk

 

Ann Burgess, Nutrition Consultant
Craiglea Cottage, Glenisla, Blairgowrie PH11 8PS, Scotland, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1575 582218


Date: Wed, 1 Nov 2000 12:51:32 +0100 (MET)

From: PFEDAatuniv-lille1.fr (Dominique Bounie)

Subject: Readings on Food Security and Household Economy

 

Dear Ngonuts,

For those interested in Food Security and Household Economy, here are some interesting readings and information on how and where to get them Your comment on the recent SC-UK book are welcomed.

Dominique

*****************

Save the Children' new publication

The Household Economy Approach : a resource manual for practitioners
SC UK Publication available August 2000, Development Manual 6, £ 9.95

Part of SC UK's 'Development Manual' series, this manual offers an introduction to HEA, SC UK's methodology for analysing the impact of crop failure and other shocks on household income and access to food. The manual aims to provide an introduction to HEA for field workers with experience of emergency relief and rural development, and can be used as a reference tool for people who have already had some practical training in HEA.

The HEA was developed by SC UK in order to provide an effective approach to predicting the effects of drought and other economic shocks on rural populations. It has been widely adopted within SC UK, by the UN and by governments, both to provide a quantitative description of the economy of a defined population and to analyse the relationship between a shock and the ability of households to maintain their food and non-food consumption. This manual aims to give an introduction to household economy, the practical techniques of getting information about households, and an approach to using this information to develop arguments about the vulnerability of households to drought and other changes in economic context.

Chapters include:

further information and ordering :

http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/foodsecurity

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Papers which may be downloaded from USAID website or ordered from USAID (USAID Development Experience Clearinghouse Document Distribution Unit, 1611 North Kent Street, Suite 200, Arlington, Virginia 22209-2111 USA, Tel: (703) 351-4006 ext. 133, Fax: (703) 351-4039, e-mail: docorderatdec.cdie.org, Web: www.dec.org ; contact : Valerie Douglas)

1. Associates in Rural Development, Inc. Assessing urban food security : adjusting FEWS [famine early warning system] rural vulnerability assessment framework to urban environments, 6 Jul 2000 [57 p.] http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ249.pdf (199 KB)

2. Sahel Institute, Texas A & M University, FAO Development and evaluation of models and methods to improve the assessment of status and estimate the economic and environmental impacts of options to enhance food security : December 7-9, 1999, Palais des Congres, Bamako, Mali -- workshop report : volume I -- findings and recommendations, Apr 2000 [41 p.] ; workshop report : volume II -- proceedings, Apr 2000 [98 p.] vol. 1 english. : http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ158.pdf (454 KB) vol. 1 french : http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ160.pdf (381 KB) vol. 2 english : http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ159.pdf (1,276B) vol. 2 french : http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ161.pdf (1,294 KB)

3. Associates in Rural Development, Inc., WFP Vulnerability assessment and mapping report, 1999/2000 : an analysis of current food security in rural Zambia, Apr 2000 [19 p.] http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ251.pdf (266 KB)

4. USDA

U.S. international food assistance report, 1999, Jan 2000 [83 p.] http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACH514.pdf (347 KB)

5. Bergeron, Gilles, IFPRI Rapid appraisal methods for the assessment, design, and evaluation of food security programs, Technical guide (International Food Policy Research Institute), no. 6, Mar 1999 [49 p.] http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACH728.pdf (227 KB)

6. Associates in Rural Development, Inc. Mali : evaluation de la securite alimentaire courante(Mali : current food security assessment), Feb 1999 [36 p.] http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACJ240.pdf (177 KB)

7. Riordan, James T. Uganda's IDEA [Investment in Developing Export Agriculture] project and food security : an assessment, Jan 1999, v.p. [41 p.] Paper copy cost: $5.33, Rec_no=100518

8. Bolling, Chris; Deepak, M. S.; et al., USDA Food security assessment : situation and outlook series, International agriculture and trade reports : GFA [global food assessment], no. 10, Dec 1998, 80 p. [83 p.] Paper copy cost: $10.79, Rec_no=99866

9. Gopinath, Munisamy; Kurtzig, Michael; et al., USDA Food security assessment : situation and outlook series, International agriculture and trade reports : GFA [global food assessment], no. 9, Nov 1997, 88 p. [91 p.] Paper copy cost: $11.83, Rec_no=97138

10. Baro, Mamadou; Ashley, Marshall; et al., University of Arizona Rapid assessment of food security and the impact of CARE food programming in Northwest Haiti, Mar 1994, [178] p. [184 p.] Paper copy cost: $23.92, Rec_no=91208

11. CARE Int. Rapid assessment of the food and nutrition security impact of the CARE food programming activities in Eastern Shewa and Western Hararghe[, Ethiopia], Oct 1993, ii, 176 p. [179 p.] Paper copy cost: $23.27, Rec_no=91210

12. van Haeften, Roberta, USDA Overview of USAID/Bolivia's food aid programs and a preliminary assessment of their relationships and contribution to improved food security, Feb 1993, iii, 31 p. [38 p.] Paper copy cost: $4.94, Rec_no=79028

13. Pines, James M.; Schlossman, Nina P.; Lowenthal, Janet W., Education Development Center, Inc. Assessment of the income, food security and nutrition consequences of urban food for work in Bolivia, 5 Aug 1992, 71 p. [71 p.] Paper copy cost: $9.23, Rec_no=71904

14. Josserand, Henri P.; Casey, Frank, Michigan State University. Interim economic impact assessment of cereal policy reform in Niger, 1985-1988 : paper prepared for the Sahel food security policy analysis workshop, Washington, DC, October 17-18, 1988, [1988], [20] p. [22 p.] Paper copy cost: $2.86, Rec_no=57984

 

Dominique BOUNIE, Mr., lecturer in Food Engineering
IAAL (Institut Agro-Alimentaire de Lille)
Batiment EUDIL-IAAL, Boulevard Langevin
Campus Universitaire de l'USTL
59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex - France
Tel : (33) (0)3.28.76.74.11, Fax : (33) (0)3.28.76.74.01
Email PFEDA :
pfedaatuniv-lille1.fr (Personal Email : dominique.bounieatuniv-lille1.fr)