Children in Iraq
children in Iraq Barbara Elaine Golden 03.08.2000
Re: children in Iraq Richard M Garfield 04.08.2000

From: Barbara Elaine Golden <>

Subject: children in Iraq

Date: Thu, 3 Aug 2000 14:56:05 +0100


Iraqi and other paediatricians in the UK are increasingly concerned with the plight of children in Iraq. Is this justified?

"The state of the world's children 2000" shows an under-5 mortality rate of 125 in '98, similar to the rates in Haiti & Senegal in '98 but, compared to the latter two, much less changed since 1960 (Iraq 171, Haiti, 253, Senegal 300 in 1960). What has happened since then?

Are there data on nutritional status, or other index of health status, over the last, say, 5 years?

I'd be very grateful for any advice on this before going further.


Barbara Golden (International Child Health Group, Royal College Paed & Child Hlth, UK)


Dept Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School
Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD
Phone: (44) 01224 553894, Fax: (44) 01224 663658

Date: Fri, 4 Aug 2000 11:26:35 -0400 (EDT)

From: Richard M Garfield <>

Subject: Re: children in Iraq


Regarding Iraq,

Good nurtional assessments began in 1996; there have been several good assessments and many inadequate surveys (non-standard definitions, convenience samples) since. These will all be publihsed in an upcoming issue of Nutrition Reviews. In sum, malnutrition is high, and has remained alarmingly high despite greatly improved rations through 1999. Some improvement is starting to appear this year. The reasons? It takes more than food - fuel, education, infrastructure, and good government - all problematic since the Gulf war and economic sanctions. Even more important, per capita income declined radically, from over $3000 prior to 1990 to a low of around $500 in 1995.

For more infomration, see websites from UNICEF and the UK group Campaign to End Sanctions in Iraq (CASI) - they have a wealth of information.

Richard Garfield
Columbia University