Precooked split peas - NGO in Kenya and Tanzania Eric Rennies 09.01.98
China nutrition queries Robin Burgess 16.01.98
Conference in Malaysia - Rickets and Vit D in Mongolia Carrie Lunt-Bell 19.01.98
dried rations versus wet rations in SFP Adriana Zarrelli 24.02.98
research findings using a "woman centered" approach Charlotte Johnson Welch 08.05.98
Cashew fruit and milk drinking Florence Egal 12.05.98
sécurité alimentaire en RDC Florence Egal 27.05.98
high altitude barley flour Mike Toole 08.05.98
Help on Blended./Fortified food Eric Rennies 06.07.98
metabolic disorder related to consumption of garlic Arnold Timmer 23.09.98
contaminated biscuits? Hanaa Ismail 30.10.98
Home remedies against goiter ? Francesco Branca 02.12.98

Fri, 9 Jan 1998 15:46:35 +0100

From: Eric Rennies <eratagridan.be>

Subject: Precooked split peas - NGO in Kenya and Tanzania


Dear nutritionists,

A survey mission in Tanzania and Kenya is going to take place in the

near future, to demonstrate the advantages of precooked split peas to

all relevant humanitarian organisations involved in food aid in the


Therefore, in case your organisation does have a food aid programme in

one of those countries, I would be pleased if you could provide me with

contact name, address and telephone number locally, in order to contact

them for a demonstration.

Thank you in advance for your collaboration.



From: R.BURGESSatlse.ac.uk

Date: Fri, 16 Jan 98 18:33:34 GMT

Subject: China nutrition queries


Dear all,

I am an economist at the LSE who is currently working on a

paper on determinants of nutrtional status in rural China.

With respect to this work I had three specific requests that

I wanted to direct towards nutritionists.

(i) I am trying to construct a comprehensive table which

compares nutritional welfare measures in China relative to

those in the rest of the world. I want to be as broad as

possible as concerns the measures I choose but at a minimum

would want measures of calorie availability and

anthropometric status. Where is the best place to get

cross-country comparable measures if possible extending back

in time.

(ii) Though I am well aquainted with the household

expenditure surveys pertaining to China I am less acquainted

with nutrition surveys that have been carried out there. Has

anyone collated the findings from these types of surveys.

This material would be invaluable in allowing me to build up

a more complete picture of changes in nutritional welfare

over time in China.

(iii) My main interest in the research is in looking at the impact of

egalitarian access to land on calorie availability. When I run a

regression of calories per capita on income per capita and land per

capita (+ other control variables) I find that the coefficient on land

is significant despite the fact that income (which embodies from land)

is already being controlled for. This would suggest that land has

value for nutritional welfare beyond the income it generates. This

effect might be explained by the fact that having access to land

provides households with calories that are cheaper than those

available through the market. Do nutritionist's find this explanation

convincing and is there a nutrition literature on price differentials

between own-produced and purchased calories. Note that this result has

implications for food policy as it would suggest that redistributing

land ex ante would have a larger impact on nutritional welfare than

redistributing food or income ex post.

I would appreciate any comments that people have on these queries.

With best regards and thanks,


Robin Burgess

From: LuntBellatmagicnet.mn

Date: Mon, 19 Jan 1998 16:42:33 +0800


Conference in Malaysia - Rickets and Vit D in Mongolia

Dear Ngonuts, A colleague is trying to get to the 2nd Annual Asia-Pacific Clinical Nutrition Conference in Malaysia - does anyone have details of the dates, registration and paper submission dates?

Also - does anyone know of studies pertaining to vitamin D synthesis and ulta-violet levels in countries such as this one = Mongolia. We have an extensive problem with rickets and would like to make available international debate to the professionals here, in order to help them formulate research guidelines and plan nutritional policies.

Many thanks for your help. Carrie (Lunt-Bell)- Mongolia

Date: Tue, 24 Feb 1998 17:35:51 -0500

From: Adriana_Zarrelli_at_PO101A01atsmtplink.unicef.org (Adriana Zarrelli)

Subject: dried rations versus wet rations in SFP


Dear colleagues,

We are the two nutritionists working in UNICEF Bujumbura. Recently one

colleague from the field office of Unicef Mauritania joined us for the

evaluation of the supplementary feeding program carried out in the

country. The output of the evaluation will be the proposition of a

protocol to be adopted nationwide. An important issue of discussion

with our parteners involved in the SFP is the choice between wet and

dry rations.

Could anyone of you help us on this subject? Is there any study

carried out on this topic? If yes, what are their conclusions?

We will really appreciate your contributions. Thank you in advance


Arnold, Amadou, Adriana

Date: Fri, 08 May 1998 12:24:58 -0400

From: Charlotte Johnson Welch <charlotteaticrw.org> Organization: ICRW

Subject: Ngonut: research findings using a "woman centered" approach


The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) is pleased to share with other members of the NGONUT discussion list preliminary findings from a set of five action-research studies which used a "woman centered" approach to resolve micronutrient deficiencies. The studies (in Ethiopia, Kenya, Peru, Tanzania and Thailand) were supported by funds provided by USAID through the OMNI Research Program. Preliminary results provide evidence that the approach worked -- using participatory methods to engage women in the problem solving process led to measurable nutrition results through food-based interventions within a relatively short period of time (less than one year for the trials).

The approach used by the five teams, their trial interventions and preliminary findings can be found on the ICRW website (http://www.icrw.org). Go to "Areas of Expertise"; half way down is a section, "Resolving Micronutrient Deficiencies: Using a Woman-Centered Approach", scroll through that section and click on "OMNI Information Bulletin." If you are unable to access this website, please respond to me (charlotteaticrw.org) and we can send to you as an email attachment or by fax. Please indicate which you prefer and the appropriate address or fax number.

Final research reports and other documents are not yet available; however, you can request copies by following the procedures outlined in the end of the section, "OMNI Information Bulletin."

Date: Fri, 15 May 1998 09:28:00 +0200

From: "Egal, Florence (ESNP)" <Florence.Egalatfao.org>

Subject: Cashew fruit and milk drinking


Could anybody help me understand why cashew fruit consumption should absolutely not be associated with milk drinking? This is written everywhere in Côte d'Ivoire and part of layman nutritional knowledge there...



Date: Wed, 27 May 1998 09:35:00 +0200

From: "Egal, Florence (ESNP)" <Florence.Egalatfao.org>

Subject: Sécurité alimentair en RDC


Je dois me rendre à Kinshasa dans dix jours dans le cadre de la mise en place d'un système de surveillance sécurité alimentaire/nutrition. Tout contact/ information sur des institutions et personnes ayant travaillé récemment dans ce domaine en RDC serait bienvenu. Merci d'avance.

Florence Egal

Date: Thu, 18 Jun 1998 07:44:22 +0100

From: Mike Toole <tooleatmbcmr.unimelb.edu.au>

Subject: high altitude barley flour Sender: owner-ngonutatabdn.ac.uk


Dear NGOnutters,

We are implementing a PHC project in Shigatse Prefecture of Tibet (average altitude 4,000 m) which includes adaptation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness training modules to the local situation. In developing recommendations for nutrition education, we are analysing the content of the most common weaning food, tsampa porridge (barley flour, yak butter, tea, sugar, and milk). Does anyone have any information on the energy and other nutrient content of high altitude barley flour? Many thanks.


Dr. Michael Toole

International Health Unit, Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research P.O. Box 254, Fairfield, Victoria 3078, Australia

Phone: 61-3-9282-2216 (office), Fax: 61-3-9482-3123, Home phone: 61-3-9531-4779

Date: Mon, 06 Jul 1998 14:21:23 +0200

From: Eric Rennies <eratagridan.be>

Subject: Ngonut: Help on Blended./Fortified food


Dear Nutritionists,

I am preparing an analysis on blended food and fortified and would be

pleased if you could spare some of your time by answering some of those

questions or sending me some material regarding blended/fortified food:

Definition of blended/fortified food ?

Exemple of composition and nutritional specifications ?

Which are the most important product characteristics ?

Who are the end users ?

Which conditions lead to a decision of choosing blended/fortified food

items to single products, e.g. cereals and pulses.

Thank you very much in advance.


Eric RENNIES, Consultant

Date: Wed, 23 Sep 1998 09:01:58 +0200

From: Arnold Timmer <TIMMERatunhcr.ch>

subject: metabolic disorder related to consumption of garlic


Dear NGONuts,

>From one of our field offices I received a request for some info about a specific metabolic disorder related to the consumption of garlic. The word mercaptans comes to mind but I am unable to make any association.

Could anyone shed some light on how it does present clinically- symptoms /signs.

Do people affected have growth deficits, how is that in children as compared to adults?

How is the diagnosis established? What is the treatment if any?



Arnold Timmer, Nutritionist

Programme and Technical Support Section UNHCR

P.O. Box 2500, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland

tel: + 41-22-7397681, fax: +41-22-7397366

Date: Fri, 30 Oct 1998 10:58:53 +0000

From: "Dr. Hanaa Ismail" <ismailattecmina.com>

Subject: Ngonut: contaminated biscuits?


Need information on what may cause food poisoning symptoms from the ingestion of biscuits that are bacteriologically sound.


Dr Hanaa Ismail

High Institute of Public Health Alexandria University

Date: Wed, 02 Dec 1998 11:59:12 +0100

From: Francesco Branca <F.Brancaatagora.stm.it>

Subject: Home remedies against goiter ?


Dear colleagues,

I have received this message from a colleague working in Yerevan. I also attach my reply. Comments are welcome.

Thank you

Francesco Branca


>From: jacqueline mcpherson <jmcphersataua.am>

>To: "'f.brancaatagora.stm.it'" <f.brancaatagora.stm.it>

>Date: Fri, 27 Nov 1998 15:55:53 +0400


>Dear Francesco,

>Hi, how are you? I hope you remember me from Armenia. I have just

>finished reading your final report for the nutrition survey and we were

>able to incorporate your findings into the unicef situation analysis

>report. It was very interesting.

>I have a quick question. I'm sure you remember the big problems with

>goiter here. I have been told from a number of people that walnuts (the

>green walnut, when it is still young on the tree) is a great source of

>iodine. People make liqueur from it and drink it for treatment. Do you

>have any IDD experts there that can confirm that this is true (or not

>true). It is hard for me to believe it. Also, I know of a couple of cases

>of doctors advising their patients to smoke in order to shrink the goiter.

> I also find this hard to believe. Any ideas. I've written to several

>nutritionists in the USA, but nobody seems to know the answer.

>Thanks for any insight you can provide.

>Hope you are well. Happy holidays. Jackie (McPherson)


Dear Jackie,

I am pleased to hear that you have read and used my report. After so much effort, I would feel very frustrated if nobody would use it.

I very much doubt that the walnuts can contain iodine, if the environment contains very little iodine altogether.

The only relationship I can think between smoking and goiter is that smoking causes oxidative stress and requires selenium containing enzymes to deal with it. Selenium is also required to produce active thyroid hormones.

If anything, there is a competition for this nutrient such that smoking can worsen the situation. Only iodine can reduce goiter, and I cannot think how smoking can make it more available.

At any rate, I have circulated your E-mail in ngonut, an international network of nutritionists involved in Third World issues.

I hope to see you soon in Yerevan.

All the best


Francesco Branca, Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione

Via Ardeatina, 546, 00179 ROMA

Ph. +39 06 5032412, Fax +39 06 5031592