|SAF Nutritional Cookies||Francesco Branca||17.07.98|
|Re: SAF Nutritional Cookies||Joan Hildebrand||17.07.98|
|SA Biscuit||André Briend||22.08.97|
|SA Biscuit||Serge Depotter||25.08.97|
|Question concerning studies on BP-5||Jon A. Weiss||04.12.97|
Thu, 17 Jul 1997 09:42:48 +0200 (ITADST)
From: Francesco Branca <F.Brancaatagora.stm.it>
Subject: SAF Nutritional Cookies
>16-Jul-97 10:42 AM EDT (1442 UTC) Source: Voice of America
INTRO: SOUTH AFRICAN RESEARCHERS SAY THEY HAVE DEVELOPED A COOKIE OR BISCUIT FORTIFIED WITH ESSENTIAL MINERALS AND VITAMINS THAT THEY SAY WILL GREATLY BENEFIT MALNOURISHED CHILDREN. V-O-A'S DELIA ROBERTSON IN JOHANNESBURG REPORTS AN ADDED BENEFIT IS THE LOW COST OF FORTIFYING THE COOKIE.
TEXT: THE COOKIE WAS DEVELOPED AFTER THE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL OF THE RURAL KWAZULU/NATAL VILLAGE OF NDUNAKASE APPROACHED THE SOUTH AFRICAN MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL TO SEEK ASSISTANCE FOR MALNOURISHED CHILDREN IN HIS SCHOOL.
THE COUNCIL'S DR. SPINI BENADE SAYS A CROSS-SECTIONAL HEALTH SURVEY REVEALED THE CHILDREN WERE MALNOURISHED AND SUFFERED FROM MICRO-NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES. SPEAKING ON A NATIONAL RADIO STATION, DR. BENADE SAID THEY ALSO DISCOVERED OTHER PROBLEMS.
"WE ALSO FOUND THAT THE CHILDREN, SOME OF THEM, ABOUT 25 PERCENT OF THEM, WERE STUNTED. IN OTHER WORDS, THEY SHOWED GROWTH RETARDATION. THERE WAS A VERY LARGE PERCENTAGE OF ABSENTEEISM FROM SCHOOL, AND OF COURSE, ALSO I THINK THE GENERAL HEALTH SITUATION OF THESE CHILDREN WAS NOT WHAT ONE WOULD HAVE LIKED IT TO BE."
DR. BENADE SAYS A MICRO-NUTRIENT DEFICIENCY IN THE DIET, PARTICULARLY WHEN THERE IS TOO LITTLE VITAMIN A, IODINE, AND IRON, IS KNOWN INTERNATIONALLY AS THE HIDDEN HUNGER. AND HE SAYS, DATA FROM AROUND THE WORLD INDICATES THESE NUTRIENTS ARE ESSENTIAL FOR NORMAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, AS WELL AS FOR LEARNING OR COGNITIVE ABILITY.
DR. BENADE SAYS THE COUNCIL LOOKED AT VARIOUS WAYS OF PROVIDING THE CHILDREN OF NDUNAKASE VILLAGE WITH THESE NUTRIENTS. WITH THE AGREEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY, THE COUNCIL EMBARKED ON A STUDY OF FORTIFICATION, OR ADDING THE NUTRIENTS TO FOOD ALREADY PART OF THE DIET. THEY CHOSE A READILY AVAILABLE COOKIE, OR BISCUIT, POPULAR IN KWAZULU/NATAL TO WHICH THE NUTRIENTS WERE ADDED. THE RESULTS, SAID DR BENADE, WERE REMARKABLE.
"AND THE OUTCOME AT THE END OF ONE YEAR SHOWED THAT WE'VE BEEN VERY SUCCESSFUL USING THIS BISCUIT IN ADDRESSING THE MICRO-NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES. FIRST OF ALL, WE FOUND NOT ONLY THE BLOOD LEVELS RETURNED TO ALMOST NORMAL, BUT EVEN THAT THE COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF THOSE CHILDREN WHO HAVE BEEN DEFICIENT, AND THE GROWTH OF THOSE CHILDREN WHO HAVE BEEN DEFICIENT, HAVE BEEN REMARKABLY IMPROVED RELATIVE TO THE GROUP WHO RECEIVED THE UNFORTIFIED BISCUIT."
DR. BENADE SAYS THE COST OF FORTIFYING A CHILD'S DIET IN THIS WAY FOR ONE YEAR WILL COST LESS THAN ONE DOLLAR. (SIGNED)>
Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione, Via Ardeatina, 546
00179 ROMA, ITALY
Ph. +396 5032412, FAX +396 5031592
Thu, 17 Jul 97 08:12:07 EST
Subject: Re: SAF Nutritional Cookies
Greetings - thanks for this interesting finding. a few questions...Is it possible to access any more information such as...
1. Any specific information regarding the specific nutrient content of a biscuit??
2. How many biscuits on average was each child consuming per day? (ie. to predict results obtained)
3. Regarding the outcomes described, (biochemical, anthropometric, cognitive), is there any more specific information available? ie. actual change, pre and post measures etc.?
Thanks for this timely information...joan
Fri, 22 Aug 1997 12:34:21 +0200 (METDST)
From: briendatext.jussieu.fr (Andre' BRIEND)
Subject: SA Biscuit
I got a copy of the Montreal Congress Abstract book.
There is a reference to SA biscuits fortified with carotene, iodine, iron and vitamin C (p64) which might well correspond to the VOA report flagged by Francesco. Gives a better idea of what was done than a press release.
The effect on congitive function seems to predominate on Fe deficient children. Iodine may have played a role too. Not really surprising findings.
The idea of using fortified bisuits is not really new (see the hundreds of MT send to Rwanda refugees). It's a good idea in places where biscuits are part to the diet consumed by the poor, which is unusual. Distribution is usually very skewed. Not ideal for fortification outside targeted programmes.
Dr. André Briend
Date: Mon, 25 Aug 1997 12:35:50 +0100
From: Serge_DEPOTTERatbrussels.msf.org (Serge DEPOTTER)
Subject: Re: SA Biscuit
Fully agree with Andre Briend yr comments cc biscuits.
I was on the spot while MSF distributed the tons of imported compressed biscuits (with a high nutritionnal value) Indeed the first pack was opened and eaten at the spot (they were VERY hungry) but... as soon as they arrived in a town returnees started to sell the biscuits so they could buy traditionnal food items. The resale price was at 20% of what msf payed, airtransport not included!!!)
1. I guess all micronutrients which need to be added to daily normal food should be put in food items with low commercial value
2. the fortified biscuits may be a solution in closed circumstances such as refugee camp and feeding centers
3. Cheap biscuits loose thermosensitiv vitamins during the baking process
4. In some biscuits the vitamins are added after it has been baken but this extra process results in a much higher price
That's all by now
Serge Depotter, operations Food Security Unit at MSFB
Date: Thu, 4 Dec 1997 14:10:03 -0500
Subject: Question concerning studies on BP-5
DEAR NGO-NUTRITION ASSOCIATION MEMBERS:
I am writing to inquire whether anyone has familiarity with BP-5 Compact Food. Specifically, I am seeking any information concerning possible studies about BP-5. For anyone not familiar with BP-5, it is an emergency food ration that is a concentrated food, compressed and packed to the lowest possible volume per feeding unit. It is most often used in emergency relief situations for persons without cooking supplies etc.
I am writing from Counterpart International, a humanitarian and development assistance PVO based in Washington, D.C. We are conducting a comparative study about such products and are having difficulty gathering information. Aside from information received from the company that produces BP-5, I have not been able to locate any independent sources.
Specifically I am seeking knowledge of possible studies - distribution, impact, nutritional related and others - that may have been produced about BP-5.
Any suggestions or comments would be welcome.
Please feel free to contact me at 202-296-9676 Ext. 630 or e-mail at jweissatcounterpart.org.
Thank you for taking the time to read this message and consider suggestions.
Jon A. Weiss
P.S. Thank you NGO-NUTRITIION ASSOCIATION for this useful medium