Vitamin C and milk
Vitamin C in F100 André Briend 15.04.97
vitamin C and milk André Briend 28.04.97
RE: milk and vitamin C Helen Young 28.04.97


Tue Apr 15 14:38 BST 1997

Subject: Vitamin C in F100



In the original F100 formula (EJCN 93 version), vitamin C was 180 mg/L

In WHO F100, it is (in my last version of the manual, to be published 100 mg.

Could you comment ? Any worry about vitamin C ? In any case, it makes the formula cheaper, and easier to keep.


Dr. André Briend

Mon, 28 Apr 1997 10:18:37 +0100 (BST)

From: (Andre' BRIEND)

Subject: vitamin C and milk


DSM contains approximately 13 mg vitamin C /100 g. It can be used to prevent scurvy, and this has been done before. Camp level fortification of the general ration with cement mixers has been attempted in the Horn of Africa (10 years ago ? )(see Nutritional issues in food aid, ACC/SCN 1993 , p 91 Comments by J Seaman,). I am sure in this forum some people remember this. This was not practical.

Please note too that 1 kg vitamin C on the world market is +/- 10 US $ and brings nearly as much vitamin C as 10 MT of DSM.

DSM (or camel's milk, or whatever milk) needs to be very cheap to compete with any kind of food fortified with vitamin C, even when taking into account huge losses during fortification / cooking. Milk can be relied upon only when available locally at a cheap price.


Dr. André Briend

Date: Mon, 28 Apr 1997 10:47:06 +0100 (BST)

From: "Michael H.N. Golden" <>

Subject: RE: milk and vitamin C (from Helen Young)


Helen Young says

>Concerning the outbreak of scurvy among Tibetan herders in Southern China, we eventually concluded that yaks milk was not a significant source of vitamin C, mainly because it is customary to boil the milk for up to one hour. Catherine Riddoch, at the Rowatt Institute, helped us by analysing samples of yaks milk, and also green tea for their vitamin C content.

We concluded the more significant source of vitamin C was from green tea, which is regularly consumed by everybody. However, in times of acute food insecurity and low purchasing power, the amount of tea drunk was inevitably reduced.

Best wishes,


Vitamin C content of green tea: 4.2mg per 100ml

Vitamin C content of fresh yaks milk: 1.35mg per 100ml>



>From Sharma, R.S. & M.P.Gupta, Ascorbic acid in goat milk, Asian J. Dairy Research 3(3):121-126.......

Vitamin C content of goat milk: 0.954 mg per 100ml

Vitamin C content of cows milk; 2.11 mg per 100ml